MONKEYS OF LATIN AMERICA

AT-A-GLANCE

Latin American monkeys include capuchins, howlers, marmosets, night monkeys, sakis, spider monkeys, squirrel monkeys, tamarins, titis, uakaris, and woolly monkeys.
Most New World monkeys have prehensile or partially-prehensile tails that enable them to grasp objects. They have slender bodies and limbs with long, narrow hands. Their thumbs, when present, are typically non-opposable. Their noses are flatter with nostrils that point outward and are further apart than those of their Old World counterparts. Most have 36 teeth. They do not have cheek pouches or buttocks pads.  New World monkeys are considered to be more primitive than Old World monkeys. 
bearded-capuchin-apr-2021_orig
black-capped-capuchin_orig
blond-capuchin-jul-2020_orig
Golden-Bellied Capuchin
white-fronted-capuchin-jan-2021_orig
white-throated-capuchin-dec-2020_orig
black-and-gold-howler-jul-2020-update_orig
Bolivian Red Howler
mantled-howler-jul-2020_orig
northern-brown-howler-jan-2021_orig
red-handed-howler-monkey_1
yucatan-black-howler-feb-2021_orig
black-white-tassel-ear-marmoset_orig
black-tailed-marmoset-dec-2020_orig
black-tufted-marmoset-feb-2021_orig
buffy-tufted-ear-marmoset_9_orig
emilia-s-marmoset-apr-2021_orig
goeldi-s-monkey-jan-2021_orig
silvery-marmoset-dec-2020_orig
western-pygmy-marmoset-dec-2020_orig
white-headed-marmoset-jan-2021_orig
wied-s-marmoset2_orig
northern-muriqui_orig
southern-muriqui-apr-2021_orig
azara-s-night-monkey_orig
black-headed-night-monkey_orig
colombian-night-monkey-dec-2020_orig
Nancy Ma's Night Monkey
panamanian-night-monkey_orig
spix-s-night-monkey_1_orig
Bearded Saki
black-bearded-saki-late-dec-2020_orig
buffy-saki-mar-2021_orig
gray-s-bald-faced-saki_orig
monk-saki-dec-2020_orig
napo-saki_orig
white-faced-saki-feb-2021_orig
white-nosed-saki-dec-2020_orig
black-faced-black-spider-monkey_orig
brown-headed-spider-monkey-jul-2020_orig
geoffroy-s-spider-monkey-jan-2021_orig
guiana-spider-monkey_orig
mexican-spider-monkey_orig
ornate-spider-monkey_orig
variegated-spider-monkey-jul2019_31_orig
white-bellied-spider-monkey_orig
white-cheeked-spider-monkey_orig
black-capped-squirrel-monkey-feb-2021_orig
black-headed-squirrel-monkey-apr-2021_orig
guianan-squirrel-monkey-dec-2020_orig
black-handed-tamarin_orig
cotton-top-tamarin-jul-2020_orig
emperor-tamarin-jun-2021_orig
geoffroy-s-tamarin-apr-2021_orig
golden-headed-lion-tamarin-jul-2020_orig
moustached-tamarin-feb-2021_orig
pied-tamarin-apr-2021_orig
red-chested-mustached-tamarin_orig
saddleback-tamarin-mar-2021_orig
bolivian-gray-titi-dec-2020_orig
caqueta-titi-nov-2020_orig
collared-titi-feb-2021_orig
coppery-titi-dec-2020_orig
masked-titi-oct-2020_orig
ornate-titi_orig
white-tailed-titi_orig
bald-uakari-jul-2020_orig
black-headed-uakari-jan-2021_orig
brown-woolly-monkey-nov-2020_orig
gray-woolly-monkey-update-sep-2020_orig
peruvian-yellow-tailed-woolly-monkey_orig
silvery-woolly-monkey-jan-2021_orig
bearded-capuchin-apr-2021_orig
black-capped-capuchin_orig
blond-capuchin-jul-2020_orig
Ecuadorian White-fronted Capuchin-Mar 2021
Golden-bellied capuchin-Oct 2021
Guianan Weeper capuchin-Dec 2020
white-fronted-capuchin-jan-2021_orig
white-throated-capuchin-dec-2020_orig
black-and-gold-howler-jul-2020-update_orig
Bolivian Red Howler-May 2021
mantled-howler-jul-2020_orig
northern-brown-howler-jan-2021_orig
red-handed-howler-monkey_1
yucatan-black-howler-feb-2021_orig
black-white-tassel-ear-marmoset_orig
black-tailed-marmoset-dec-2020_orig
black-tufted-marmoset-feb-2021_orig
Buffy-Headed Marmoset
buffy-tufted-ear-marmoset_9_orig
Common Marmoset-corrected-Apr 2022
emilia-s-marmoset-apr-2021_orig
goeldi-s-monkey-jan-2021_orig
silvery-marmoset-dec-2020_orig
western-pygmy-marmoset-dec-2020_orig
white-headed-marmoset-jan-2021_orig
wied-s-marmoset2_orig
northern-muriqui_orig
southern-muriqui-apr-2021_orig
Andean Night Monkey-May 2021
azara-s-night-monkey_orig
black-headed-night-monkey_orig
colombian-night-monkey-dec-2020_orig
Gray-Handed Night Monkey
Nancy Ma's Night Monkey
Northern Night Monkey
panamanian-night-monkey_orig
spix-s-night-monkey_1_orig
Bearded Saki-Oct 2021
black-bearded-saki-late-dec-2020_orig
buffy-saki-mar-2021_orig
gray-s-bald-faced-saki_orig
monk-saki-dec-2020_orig
napo-saki_orig
white-faced-saki-feb-2021_orig
white-nosed-saki-dec-2020_orig
black-faced-black-spider-monkey_orig
brown-headed-spider-monkey-jul-2020_orig
geoffroy-s-spider-monkey-jan-2021_orig
guiana-spider-monkey_orig
mexican-spider-monkey_orig
ornate-spider-monkey_orig
variegated-spider-monkey-jul2019_31_orig
white-bellied-spider-monkey_orig
white-cheeked-spider-monkey_orig
black-capped-squirrel-monkey-feb-2021_orig
Black-Crowned Central American Squirrel Monkey-Jan 2022
black-headed-squirrel-monkey-apr-2021_orig
guianan-squirrel-monkey-dec-2020_orig
Humboldt's Squirrel Monkey
black-handed-tamarin_orig
Black Lion Tamarin-Oct 2021
cotton-top-tamarin-jul-2020_orig
emperor-tamarin-jun-2021_orig
Geoffroy's Tamarin
golden-headed-lion-tamarin-jul-2020_orig
Golden Lion Tamarin-May 2022
moustached-tamarin-feb-2021_orig
pied-tamarin-apr-2021_orig
red-chested-mustached-tamarin_orig
Red-Handed Tamarin-Feb 2022
saddleback-tamarin-mar-2021_orig
Weddell's Saddle-Back Tamarin
bolivian-gray-titi-dec-2020_orig
caqueta-titi-nov-2020_orig
collared-titi-feb-2021_orig
coppery-titi-dec-2020_orig
Lucifer Titi
masked-titi-oct-2020_orig
ornate-titi_orig
Red-Bellied Titi
San Martin Titi
white-tailed-titi_orig
bald-uakari-jul-2020_orig
black-headed-uakari-jan-2021_orig
brown-woolly-monkey-nov-2020_orig
gray-woolly-monkey-update-sep-2020_orig
peruvian-yellow-tailed-woolly-monkey_orig
silvery-woolly-monkey-jan-2021_orig
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bearded-capuchin-apr-2021_orig
black-capped-capuchin_orig
blond-capuchin-jul-2020_orig
Ecuadorian White-fronted Capuchin-Mar 2021
Golden-bellied capuchin-Oct 2021
Guianan Weeper capuchin-Dec 2020
white-fronted-capuchin-jan-2021_orig
white-throated-capuchin-dec-2020_orig
black-and-gold-howler-jul-2020-update_orig
Bolivian Red Howler-May 2021
mantled-howler-jul-2020_orig
northern-brown-howler-jan-2021_orig
red-handed-howler-monkey_1
yucatan-black-howler-feb-2021_orig
black-white-tassel-ear-marmoset_orig
black-tailed-marmoset-dec-2020_orig
black-tufted-marmoset-feb-2021_orig
Buffy-Headed Marmoset
buffy-tufted-ear-marmoset_9_orig
Common Marmoset-corrected-Apr 2022
emilia-s-marmoset-apr-2021_orig
goeldi-s-monkey-jan-2021_orig
silvery-marmoset-dec-2020_orig
western-pygmy-marmoset-dec-2020_orig
white-headed-marmoset-jan-2021_orig
wied-s-marmoset2_orig
northern-muriqui_orig
southern-muriqui-apr-2021_orig
Andean Night Monkey-May 2021
azara-s-night-monkey_orig
black-headed-night-monkey_orig
colombian-night-monkey-dec-2020_orig
Gray-Handed Night Monkey
Nancy Ma's Night Monkey
Northern Night Monkey
panamanian-night-monkey_orig
spix-s-night-monkey_1_orig
Bearded Saki-Oct 2021
black-bearded-saki-late-dec-2020_orig
buffy-saki-mar-2021_orig
gray-s-bald-faced-saki_orig
monk-saki-dec-2020_orig
napo-saki_orig
white-faced-saki-feb-2021_orig
white-nosed-saki-dec-2020_orig
black-faced-black-spider-monkey_orig
brown-headed-spider-monkey-jul-2020_orig
geoffroy-s-spider-monkey-jan-2021_orig
guiana-spider-monkey_orig
mexican-spider-monkey_orig
ornate-spider-monkey_orig
variegated-spider-monkey-jul2019_31_orig
white-bellied-spider-monkey_orig
white-cheeked-spider-monkey_orig
black-capped-squirrel-monkey-feb-2021_orig
Black-Crowned Central American Squirrel Monkey-Jan 2022
black-headed-squirrel-monkey-apr-2021_orig
guianan-squirrel-monkey-dec-2020_orig
Humboldt's Squirrel Monkey
black-handed-tamarin_orig
Black Lion Tamarin-Oct 2021
cotton-top-tamarin-jul-2020_orig
emperor-tamarin-jun-2021_orig
Geoffroy's Tamarin
golden-headed-lion-tamarin-jul-2020_orig
Golden Lion Tamarin-May 2022
moustached-tamarin-feb-2021_orig
pied-tamarin-apr-2021_orig
red-chested-mustached-tamarin_orig
Red-Handed Tamarin-Feb 2022
saddleback-tamarin-mar-2021_orig
Weddell's Saddle-Back Tamarin
bolivian-gray-titi-dec-2020_orig
caqueta-titi-nov-2020_orig
collared-titi-feb-2021_orig
coppery-titi-dec-2020_orig
Lucifer Titi
masked-titi-oct-2020_orig
ornate-titi_orig
Red-Bellied Titi
San Martin Titi
white-tailed-titi_orig
bald-uakari-jul-2020_orig
black-headed-uakari-jan-2021_orig
brown-woolly-monkey-nov-2020_orig
gray-woolly-monkey-update-sep-2020_orig
peruvian-yellow-tailed-woolly-monkey_orig
silvery-woolly-monkey-jan-2021_orig
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While viewing the slideshow, click on any photo for the full species profile

ABOUT LATIN AMERICAN PRIMATES

Latin American nonhuman monkeys range in size from the tiny pygmy marmosets to medium-sized monkeys. Humans are the only ape species that resides in Latin America. No prosimians live in Latin America.

Latin American monkeys are New World monkeys. They are found from southern Mexico to central South America. All of Latin America’s nonhuman primate species live in tropical habitats, mostly rainforests, in the equatorial zone. Some live in cloud forests. Some live in human settlements, including cities.

Among Latin America’s nonhuman primate species, some live solely in trees, some primarily in trees, some along river and mangrove banks, and some live on the ground. Most are active in daytime, but some are nocturnal. 

Living at varying heights, whether in trees or on the ground, and dispersing activities between day and nighttime, more evenly distributes access to resources and reduces competition. This is one of the ways that nature ensures that everyone has access to all of the gifts of the Earth.

Worldwide geographic distribution of nonhuman primates

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