PROSIMIANS OF AFRICA

AT-A-GLANCE

African prosimians include angwantibos, galagos (bushbabies), pottos, and lemurs.
Angwantibos, galagos, and pottos live on continental Africa.
Lemurs live only on the island of Madagascar.
brown-greater-galago-oct-2020_orig
garnett-s-greater-galago_orig
Mountain Dwarf Galago
northern-lesser-galago-dec-2020_orig
somali-lesser-galago_orig
southern-lesser-galago-dec-2020_orig
spectacled-lesser-galago_orig
eastern-lesser-bamboo-lemur-may-2021_orig
golden-bamboo-lemur-mar-2021_orig
lac-alaotra-gentle-lemur-jul-2020_orig
common-brown-lemur_orig
crowned-lemur_9_orig
red-bellied-lemur-oct-2020_orig
red-fronted-brown-lemur_orig
white-headed-lemur-1_orig
fat-tailed-dwarf-lemur-mar-2021_orig
mongoose-lemur_orig
northern-giant-mouse-lemur_orig
gerp-s-mouse-lemur-dec-2020_orig
gray-brown-mouse-lemur-mar-2021_orig
madame-berthe-s-mouse-lemur_orig
black-and-white-ruffed-lemur-dec-2020-yt_orig
red-ruffed-lemur-jun-2019-update_38_orig
ankarana-sportive-lemur-jan-2021_orig
nosy-be-sportive-lemur-apr-2021_orig
small-toothed-sportive-lemur-feb-2021_orig
white-footed-sportive-lemur-jan-2021_orig
coquerel-s-sifaka-jul-2020_orig
crowned-sifaka-feb-2021_orig
diademed-sifaka-nov-2020_orig
golden-crowned-sifaka_orig
indri-oct-2020_orig
milne-edwards-s-sifaka-apr-2021_orig
perrier-s-sifaka-oct-2020_orig
Silky Sifaka
verreaux-s-sifaka-jul-2020-update_orig
Calabar Angwantibo
Golden Anwantibo
brown-greater-galago-oct-2020_orig
garnett-s-greater-galago_orig
Mountain Dwarf Galago-Sep 2021
northern-lesser-galago-dec-2020_orig
somali-lesser-galago_orig
southern-lesser-galago-dec-2020_orig
spectacled-lesser-galago_orig
Tanzania Coast Dwarf Galago
Aye Aye-Dec 2020
eastern-lesser-bamboo-lemur-may-2021_orig
golden-bamboo-lemur-mar-2021_orig
lac-alaotra-gentle-lemur-jul-2020_orig
Greater Bamboo Lemur
Black Lemur
common-brown-lemur_orig
crowned-lemur_9_orig
red-bellied-lemur-oct-2020_orig
red-fronted-brown-lemur_orig
White-Collared Lemur
white-headed-lemur-1_orig
fat-tailed-dwarf-lemur-mar-2021_orig
geoffroy-s-dwarf-lemur_orig
mongoose-lemur_orig
coquerel-s-giant-mouse-lemur_orig
northern-giant-mouse-lemur_orig
gerp-s-mouse-lemur-dec-2020_orig
Gray mouse lemur
gray-brown-mouse-lemur-mar-2021_orig
madame-berthe-s-mouse-lemur_orig
Pygmy Mouse Lemur
black-and-white-ruffed-lemur-dec-2020-yt_orig
red-ruffed-lemur-jun-2019-update_38_orig
ring-tailed-lemur-june-2019-update_36_orig
ankarana-sportive-lemur-jan-2021_orig
Gray's Sportive Lemur
nosy-be-sportive-lemur-apr-2021_orig
Randrianasolo's Sportive Lemur
Sahafary Sportive Lemur
Sahamalaza Sportive Lemur-Dec 2021
small-toothed-sportive-lemur-feb-2021_orig
weasel-sportive-lemur_orig
white-footed-sportive-lemur-jan-2021_orig
Coquerel's Sifaka
crowned-sifaka-feb-2021_orig
Diademed Sifaka
golden-crowned-sifaka_orig
indri-oct-2020_orig
milne-edwards-s-sifaka-apr-2021_orig
perrier-s-sifaka-oct-2020_orig
Silky Sifaka-Sep 2021
verreaux-s-sifaka-jul-2020-update_orig
Von der Decken's Sifaka-Jul 2021
Eastern Woolly Lemur-Jul 2021
East African Potto
West African Potto-Feb 2022
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Calabar Angwantibo
Golden Anwantibo
brown-greater-galago-oct-2020_orig
garnett-s-greater-galago_orig
Mountain Dwarf Galago-Sep 2021
northern-lesser-galago-dec-2020_orig
somali-lesser-galago_orig
southern-lesser-galago-dec-2020_orig
spectacled-lesser-galago_orig
Tanzania Coast Dwarf Galago
Aye Aye-Dec 2020
eastern-lesser-bamboo-lemur-may-2021_orig
golden-bamboo-lemur-mar-2021_orig
lac-alaotra-gentle-lemur-jul-2020_orig
Greater Bamboo Lemur
Black Lemur
common-brown-lemur_orig
crowned-lemur_9_orig
red-bellied-lemur-oct-2020_orig
red-fronted-brown-lemur_orig
White-Collared Lemur
white-headed-lemur-1_orig
fat-tailed-dwarf-lemur-mar-2021_orig
geoffroy-s-dwarf-lemur_orig
mongoose-lemur_orig
coquerel-s-giant-mouse-lemur_orig
northern-giant-mouse-lemur_orig
gerp-s-mouse-lemur-dec-2020_orig
Gray mouse lemur
gray-brown-mouse-lemur-mar-2021_orig
madame-berthe-s-mouse-lemur_orig
Pygmy Mouse Lemur
black-and-white-ruffed-lemur-dec-2020-yt_orig
red-ruffed-lemur-jun-2019-update_38_orig
ring-tailed-lemur-june-2019-update_36_orig
ankarana-sportive-lemur-jan-2021_orig
Gray's Sportive Lemur
nosy-be-sportive-lemur-apr-2021_orig
Randrianasolo's Sportive Lemur
Sahafary Sportive Lemur
Sahamalaza Sportive Lemur-Dec 2021
small-toothed-sportive-lemur-feb-2021_orig
weasel-sportive-lemur_orig
white-footed-sportive-lemur-jan-2021_orig
Coquerel's Sifaka
crowned-sifaka-feb-2021_orig
Diademed Sifaka
golden-crowned-sifaka_orig
indri-oct-2020_orig
milne-edwards-s-sifaka-apr-2021_orig
perrier-s-sifaka-oct-2020_orig
Silky Sifaka-Sep 2021
verreaux-s-sifaka-jul-2020-update_orig
Von der Decken's Sifaka-Jul 2021
Eastern Woolly Lemur-Jul 2021
East African Potto
West African Potto-Feb 2022
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While viewing the slideshow, click on any photo for the full species profile

ABOUT AFRICAN PRIMATES

march-7-2019-africa_23

African primates range in size from the smallest prosimians to small, medium, and large-sized monkeys—including the largest monkeys in the world—to our closest ancestors, the great apes.

The monkeys of Africa are Old World monkeys. Most live throughout the tropical and equatorial zones. A few live in the semi-arid and rocky northern reaches of Africa. The distribution of some species spans into southern Africa. Some monkeys live in human settlements, including cities.

Among Africa’s nonhuman primate species, some live solely in trees, some primarily in trees, some along river and mangrove banks, and some live on the ground. Most are active in daytime, but some are nocturnal. 

Living at varying heights, whether in trees or on the ground, and dispersing activities between day and nighttime, more evenly distributes access to resources and reduces competition. This is one of the ways that nature ensures that everyone has access to all of the gifts of the Earth.

Worldwide geographic distribution of nonhuman primates

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