MARMOSETS

The marmoset family, Callitrichidae, includes four genera, at least fifty-one species, and twenty subspecies.

AMAZONIAN MARMOSETS

Genus: Mico

Photo credit: Fábio Manfredini/Flickr/Creative Commons

Mico humeralifer

CONSERVATION STATUS: NEAR THREATENED

The black and white tassel-ear marmoset, also known as the Santarém marmoset or tassel-eared marmoset, is endemic to the secondary Amazonian lowland rainforest area at the junction of the states of Pará and Amazonas, in Brazil. This area is delimited by two rivers: Rio Maués in the West and Rio Tapajós in the East….

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Mico melanurus

CONSERVATION STATUS: NEAR THREATENED

First described in 1812, black-tailed marmosets are native to the South American countries of Bolivia, Paraguay, and Brazil, east of the Rio Aripuana. They live in a wide array of biomes, including the deciduous forests of eastern Bolivia, the Pantanal wetlands, the dry forests of Paraguay, the Amazon rainforest, and the…

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Photo credit: Richard Hoyer/Creative Commons

Mico emiliae

CONSERVATION STATUS: LEAST CONCERN

The Emilia’s marmoset is only found in central Brazil, specifically in the states of Pará and Mato Grosso. Their habitat lies on the southeast edge of the Amazon Rainforest. The rainforest is characterized by regular rain and a relatively constant average temperature of about 28 ℃ (82.4 ℉). December through March are…

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Mico argentatus

CONSERVATION STATUS: LEAST CONCERN

The silvery marmoset is found in the Brazil’s eastern Amazon Rainforest. They typically live in primary and secondary growth lowland tropical forests; however, due to increasing habitat loss and fragmentation, this species is also found in anthropogenic habitats such as disturbed and fragmented forests…

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ATLANTIC MARMOSETS

Genus: Callithrix

Callithrix penicillata

CONSERVATION STATUS: LEAST CONCERN

The black-tufted marmoset, sometimes called the black-pencilled marmoset and known as Mico-estrela in Portuguese, inhabits numerous areas throughout Brazil. Marmosets are typically resilient creatures who have the ability to thrive in many habitats, including busy cities like Rio de Janeiro, where black-tufted…

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Callithrix flaviceps

CONSERVATION STATUS: CRITICALLY ENDANGERED

Native to Brazil, the rare buffy-headed marmoset occurs in the Serra da Mantiqueira (Mantiqueira Mountain range) south of the Rio Doce in southern Espírito Santo, its range here reaching the state boundary of Rio de Janeiro. Other southeastern populations have been reported in the municipality

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Photo credit: Jack Hynes/Creative Commons

Callithrix aurita

CONSERVATION STATUS: ENDANGERED

The buffy-tufted-ear marmoset, also called the white-eared marmoset, is endemic to the states of Minas Gerais and Rio de Janeiro of southeastern Brazil, within their montane rainforests of the inland plateau, at chilly dry-season altitudes of up to 4,265 feet (1,300 m). Multiple studies from 1982 to 1998 were carried out to better..

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Callithrix jacchus

CONSERVATION STATUS: LEAST CONCERN

Common marmosets, also known as white-tufted-ear marmosets, are New World monkeys native to Brazil. Once found only in Atlantic coastal forests in the northeastern region of the country, years of habitat destruction have forced them to seek new places to live. Habitat loss, coupled with the release of captive…

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Photo credit: Lars Curfs/Creative Commons

Callithrix kuhlii

CONSERVATION STATUS: VULNERABLE

Wied’s marmoset, also known as the Wied’s black-tufted ear marmoset, is a New World monkey that lives in the coastal regions of Southwest Brazil. Wied’s marmosets are adaptable monkeys and can live in a variety of forest types, but they prefer tropical and subtropical forests. They occur in lowland and sub-montane…

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Callithrix geoffroyi

CONSERVATION STATUS: LEAST CONCERN

The white-headed marmoset is also known as the tufted-ear marmoset and Geoffroy’s marmoset, or Geoffroy’s tufted-ear marmoset. The species is endemic to Brazil, where they are known as the sagüi or sauim. They are present in the state of Espirito Santa and in the forested eastern and northeastern regions of Minas…

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GOELDI'S MARMOSETS

Genus: Callimico

Callimico goeldii

CONSERVATION STATUS: VULNERABLE

Sometimes referred to as Goeldi’s marmoset, Goeldi’s tamarin, or simply callimico (the species’ genus), this rare and petite New World monkey resides in the upper Amazon rainforests of southern Colombia, eastern Peru, western Brazil, and northern Bolivia. Groups are often separated by several kilometers, their locations…

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PYGMY MARMOSETS

Genus: Cebuella

Cebuella pygmaea

CONSERVATION STATUS: VULNERABLE

The small but fierce western pygmy marmoset is a New World monkey and native to the western Amazon Basin. The western Amazon Basin covers the northwestern region of Brazil, southern Colombia, eastern Peru and Ecuador, and northern Bolivia. These arboreal monkeys can usually be found where the…

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