ORANGUTANS

The orangutan genus, Pongo, includes 3 species and 3 subspecies

Pongo pygmaeus

CONSERVATION STATUS: CRITICALLY ENDANGERED

The Bornean orangutan is one of only three species of orangutans; each is classified as a great ape and together they are the only great apes native to Asia. Inhabiting the equatorial island of Borneo, which is the world’s third-largest island encompassing the countries of Indonesia (home to the greatest population), Malaysia, and Brunei…

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Pongo abelii

CONSERVATION STATUS: CRITICALLY ENDANGERED

Orangutans are the only great apes found in Asia, specifically on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo. Fossils found in Java, China, and Vietnam indicate that they once roamed larger territories than they do today. Originally thought to be one species, two distinct species were recognized in 1996: Pongo abelii in Sumatra and Pongo

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Photo Credit: Tim Laman/Creative Commons​

Pongo tapanuliensis

CONSERVATION STATUS: CRITICALLY ENDANGERED

Everything we know about the Tapanuli orangutan is limited to a single population remaining on the island of Sumatra, in a region called Batang Toru, south of Lake Toba. Less than 800 Tapanuli orangutans live here, restricted to the fragmented rainforests of this region’s uplands. Before this small population was discovered in...

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