CAPUCHIN MONKEYS

The capuchin family, Cebinae, includes two genera, and at least twenty-eight species and nine subspecies.

AGILE CAPUCHINS

Genus: Cebus

Cebus capucinus

CONSERVATION STATUS: VULNERABLE

White-throated capuchins, also known as white-throated capuchins, white-faced capuchins, and white-headed capuchins, are New World monkeys native to the rainforests of western Colombia, western Ecuador, and Panama. White-throated capuchins are commonly seen throughout Panama’s national parks. In…

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Cebus aequatorialis

CONSERVATION STATUS: CRITICALLY ENDANGERED

The critically endangered Ecuadorian white-fronted capuchin monkey is found in small areas in northernmost Peru and in western Ecuador, from dry forests near sea level to premontane Andean forests at altitudes of about 6,500 ft (2,000 m). The species’ population density is low and varies geographically. In Ecuador, the…

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Cebus olivaceus

CONSERVATION STATUS: LEAST CONCERN

Guianan weeper capuchins, also known as wedge-capped capuchins or weeper capuchins, are native to South America, with populations ranging from the Venezuelan Amazon Basin to the drier forests along the Essequibo River in Guyana. They also occupy the forested area between the Branco River and the Araca River…

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Cebus imitator

CONSERVATION STATUS: VULNERABLE

As their name suggests, Panamanian white-throated capuchins, also called Panamanian white-faced capuchins, are native to Central America—from Honduras to Panama. They thrive in the neotropical rainforests of this region, and most of the research on wild populations was conducted in Costa Rica. Neotropical rainforests…

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Photo credit: © Rigoberto Pantoja/iNaturalist/Creative Commons

Cebus cuscinus

CONSERVATION STATUS: NEAR THREATENED

The shock-headed capuchin is native to the South American countries of Bolivia, Brazil, and Peru, although their exact range is not well understood. Making their homes in both lowland and montane forests up to an elevation of 5,900 feet (1,800 m), shock-headed capuchins are well adjusted to a mostly arboreal life high in the…

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Cebus albifrons

CONSERVATION STATUS: LEAST CONCERN

White-fronted capuchins, also known as Humboldt’s white-fronted capuchins, are endemic to the Amazon Basin of Brazil, Colombia, and Venezuela. They inhabit dry, deciduous forest in the north of their range, tropical lowland, sub-montane and montane rain forest, seasonally inundated forest, and savanna forests. Arboreal…

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ROBUST CAPUCHINS

Genus: Sapajus

Sapajus libidinosus

CONSERVATION STATUS: NEAR THREATENED

The bearded capuchin, also known as the black-striped capuchin, is found in northern and central Brazil. The species inhabits dry, deciduous forest and savanna landscapes. Its range is bordered by the Rio Araguaia to the east and the Rio Grande to the south. Unlike some other capuchin species, it is not found in the Amazon…

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Sapajus apella

CONSERVATION STATUS: LEAST CONCERN

Black-capped capuchins, also known as tufted capuchins, are native to South America, where they are ubiquitous throughout the Amazon River Basin. Extant populations reside in the countries of Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela. A breeding population was…

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Photo credit: Miguelrangeljr/Creative Commons

Sapajus flavius

CONSERVATION STATUS: ENDANGERED

First described by Brazilian naturalist Georg Marcgrave in 1648, blond capuchins were rediscovered in 2006, incorporated into the known taxonomy, and given the scientific name Cebus flavius. In 2012, robust (or tufted) capuchins were separated out of genus Cebus in 2012 to form their own genus, Sapajus, to…

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Sapajus xanthosternos

CONSERVATION STATUS: CRITICALLY ENDANGERED

The golden-bellied capuchin, also called yellow-breasted capuchins and buffy capuchins, is a New World monkey found mostly in the state of Bahia on the east coast of Brazil. They live in tropical rainforests with annual rainfalls averaging around 71 in (180 cm) and an average temperature of 75°F (24°C)…

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