MONKEYS OF AFRICA

AT-A-GLANCE

African monkeys include baboons, colobus monkeys, drills, geladas, guenons, mandrills, one macaque species, mangabeys, and patas monkeys. 
The tails of Old World monkeys are never prehensile. Their thumbs are opposable. Their nostrils are close together and point downward. They have 32 teeth. 
Many species have cheek pouches to store food for later consumption, and many have thick pads on their buttocks for comfort when sitting on hard surfaces.

Old World monkeys are more closely related to apes, and therefore humans, than they are to the New World monkeys.

chacma-baboon-nov-2020_orig-500
guinea-baboon-dec-2020_orig-500
hamadryas-baboon-sep-2020_orig-500
kinda-baboon_orig-500
moustached-guenon-feb-2021_orig-500
yellow-baboon-nov-2020_orig-500
Angolan Colobus
guereza-colobus-feb-2021_orig-500
king-colobus-jul-2020_orig-500
olive-colobus_orig-500
preuss-s-red-colobus-c_1_orig-500
western-red-colobus-jan-2021_orig-500
zanzibar-red-colobus-dec-2020_orig-500
gelada-jul-2020_orig-500
blue-monkey-oct-2020_orig-500
campbell-s-mona-monkey_orig-500
crowned-monkey_4_orig-500
debrazzas-monkey-jun-2020_orig-500
diana-monkey-apr-2021_orig-500
golden-monkey-dec-2020_orig-500
hamlyn-s-monkey_orig-500
lesser-spot-nosed-guenon-update-jul-2020_orig-500
lesula-jul-15-2020_orig-500
l-hoest-s-monkey-sep-2020_orig-500
mona-monkey-jul-2020_orig-500
Moustanced Guenon
preuss-s-monkey_orig-500
putty-nosed-monkey-updated-feb-2020_1_orig-500
red-eared-guenon-feb-2021_orig-500
red-tailed-monkey_orig-500
roloway-monkey-update-sep-2020_orig-500
schmidt-s-red-tailed-monkey-jan-2021_orig-500
sclater-s-guenon_orig-500
sun-tailed-monkey_orig-500
wolf-s-guenon-feb-2021_orig-500
barbary-macaque-oct-2020_orig-500
agile-mangabey-april-2021_orig-500
black-crested-mangabey-mar-2021_orig-500
golden-bellied-mangabey-aug-2020_orig-500
gray-cheeked-mangabey-update-feb-2020_3_orig-500
red-capped-mangabey-jan-2021_orig-500
sanje-mangabey-nov-2020_orig-500
sooty-mangabey-august-2020_orig-500
tana-river-mangabey_orig-500
ugandan-crested-mangabey_orig-500
patas-monkey-feb-2021_orig-500
allen-s-swamp-monkey_orig-500
gabon-talapoin_orig-500
grivet-feb-2021_orig-500
malbrouck-monkey_1_orig-500
tantalus-monkey_8_orig-500
vervet-jul-2020_orig-500
chacma-baboon-nov-2020_orig-500
guinea-baboon-dec-2020_orig-500
hamadryas-baboon-sep-2020_orig-500
kinda-baboon_orig-500
olive-baboon-may-2021_orig-500
yellow-baboon-nov-2020_orig-500
Angolan Colobus-sep 2021
Black Colobus-Oct 2021
guereza-colobus-feb-2021_orig-500
king-colobus-jul-2020_orig-500
Mt. Kilimanjaro Guereza
White-Thighed Colobus-Oct 2021
olive-colobus_orig-500
Ashy Red Colobus-Feb 2022
Niger Delta Red Colobus
preuss-s-red-colobus-c_1_orig-500
Tana River Red Colobus
Udzungwa Red Colobus-May 2022
western-red-colobus-jan-2021_orig-500
zanzibar-red-colobus-dec-2020_orig-500
gelada-jul-2020_orig-500
blue-monkey-oct-2020_orig-500
campbell-s-mona-monkey_orig-500
crowned-monkey_4_orig-500
debrazzas-monkey-jun-2020_orig-500
diana-monkey-apr-2021_orig-500
Dryas Monkey
golden-monkey-dec-2020_orig-500
Hamlyn's Monkey
lesser-spot-nosed-guenon-update-jul-2020_orig-500
lesula-jul-15-2020_orig-500
l-hoest-s-monkey-sep-2020_orig-500
mona-monkey-jul-2020_orig-500
Moustached Guenon-Sep 2021
preuss-s-monkey_orig-500
putty-nosed-monkey-updated-feb-2020_1_orig-500
Red-Bellied Monkey
red-eared-guenon-feb-2021_orig-500
red-tailed-monkey_orig-500
roloway-monkey-update-sep-2020_orig-500
schmidt-s-red-tailed-monkey-jan-2021_orig-500
sclater-s-guenon_orig-500
sun-tailed-monkey_orig-500
wolf-s-guenon-feb-2021_orig-500
Kipunji-Mar 2022
barbary-macaque-oct-2020_orig-500
Drill-Dec 2020
Mandrill-Oct 2020
agile-mangabey-april-2021_orig-500
black-crested-mangabey-mar-2021_orig-500
golden-bellied-mangabey-aug-2020_orig-500
gray-cheeked-mangabey-update-feb-2020_3_orig-500
red-capped-mangabey-jan-2021_orig-500
sanje-mangabey-nov-2020_orig-500
sooty-mangabey-august-2020_orig-500
tana-river-mangabey_orig-500
ugandan-crested-mangabey_orig-500
patas-monkey-feb-2021_orig-500
allen-s-swamp-monkey_orig-500
Angolan Talapoin
gabon-talapoin_orig-500
Bale Monkey -Nov 2021
Green Monkey
grivet-feb-2021_orig-500
malbrouck-monkey_1_orig-500
tantalus-monkey_8_orig-500
vervet-jul-2020_orig-500
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chacma-baboon-nov-2020_orig-500
guinea-baboon-dec-2020_orig-500
hamadryas-baboon-sep-2020_orig-500
kinda-baboon_orig-500
olive-baboon-may-2021_orig-500
yellow-baboon-nov-2020_orig-500
Angolan Colobus-sep 2021
Black Colobus-Oct 2021
guereza-colobus-feb-2021_orig-500
king-colobus-jul-2020_orig-500
Mt. Kilimanjaro Guereza
White-Thighed Colobus-Oct 2021
olive-colobus_orig-500
Ashy Red Colobus-Feb 2022
Niger Delta Red Colobus
preuss-s-red-colobus-c_1_orig-500
Tana River Red Colobus
Udzungwa Red Colobus-May 2022
western-red-colobus-jan-2021_orig-500
zanzibar-red-colobus-dec-2020_orig-500
gelada-jul-2020_orig-500
blue-monkey-oct-2020_orig-500
campbell-s-mona-monkey_orig-500
crowned-monkey_4_orig-500
debrazzas-monkey-jun-2020_orig-500
diana-monkey-apr-2021_orig-500
Dryas Monkey
golden-monkey-dec-2020_orig-500
Hamlyn's Monkey
lesser-spot-nosed-guenon-update-jul-2020_orig-500
lesula-jul-15-2020_orig-500
l-hoest-s-monkey-sep-2020_orig-500
mona-monkey-jul-2020_orig-500
Moustached Guenon-Sep 2021
preuss-s-monkey_orig-500
putty-nosed-monkey-updated-feb-2020_1_orig-500
Red-Bellied Monkey
red-eared-guenon-feb-2021_orig-500
red-tailed-monkey_orig-500
roloway-monkey-update-sep-2020_orig-500
schmidt-s-red-tailed-monkey-jan-2021_orig-500
sclater-s-guenon_orig-500
sun-tailed-monkey_orig-500
wolf-s-guenon-feb-2021_orig-500
Kipunji-Mar 2022
barbary-macaque-oct-2020_orig-500
Drill-Dec 2020
Mandrill-Oct 2020
agile-mangabey-april-2021_orig-500
black-crested-mangabey-mar-2021_orig-500
golden-bellied-mangabey-aug-2020_orig-500
gray-cheeked-mangabey-update-feb-2020_3_orig-500
red-capped-mangabey-jan-2021_orig-500
sanje-mangabey-nov-2020_orig-500
sooty-mangabey-august-2020_orig-500
tana-river-mangabey_orig-500
ugandan-crested-mangabey_orig-500
patas-monkey-feb-2021_orig-500
allen-s-swamp-monkey_orig-500
Angolan Talapoin
gabon-talapoin_orig-500
Bale Monkey -Nov 2021
Green Monkey
grivet-feb-2021_orig-500
malbrouck-monkey_1_orig-500
tantalus-monkey_8_orig-500
vervet-jul-2020_orig-500
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While viewing the slideshow, click on any photo for the full species profile

ABOUT AFRICAN PRIMATES

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African primates range in size from the smallest prosimians to small, medium, and large-sized monkeys—including the largest monkeys in the world—to our closest ancestors, the great apes.

The monkeys of Africa are Old World monkeys. Most live throughout the tropical and equatorial zones. A few live in the semi-arid and rocky northern reaches of Africa. The distribution of some species spans into southern Africa. Some monkeys live in human settlements, including cities.

Among Africa’s nonhuman primate species, some live solely in trees, some primarily in trees, some along river and mangrove banks, and some live on the ground. Most are active in daytime, but some are nocturnal. 

Living at varying heights, whether in trees or on the ground, and dispersing activities between day and nighttime, more evenly distributes access to resources and reduces competition. This is one of the ways that nature ensures that everyone has access to all of the gifts of the Earth.

Worldwide geographic distribution of nonhuman primates

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