"TRUE" LEMURS

Includes ring-tailed lemurs with one species, brown lemurs with seven species, gentle or bamboo lemurs with six species and three subspecies, greater bamboo lemurs with one species, and ruffed lemurs with two species and three subspecies.

LESSER BAMBOO OR GENTLE LEMURS

Genus: Hapalemur

Hapalemur griseus

CONSERVATION STATUS: VULNERABLE

The eastern lesser bamboo lemur, also known as the gray bamboo lemur, the gray gentle lemur, and the Mahajanga lemur, is native to the large island country of Madagascar. Regarded by conservationists as a world biodiversity hot spot—home to species found nowhere else in the world—Madagascar is situated about…

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Hapalemur aureus

CONSERVATION STATUS: CRITICALLY ENDANGERED

Golden bamboo lemurs, bokombolomena in Malagasy, are endemic to Madagascar, where they live in the southeastern bamboo-laden tropical forests and marshes. They occupy lowland and montane forests and they inhabit primary rainforests within a couple different protected areas, such as Ranomafana National Park and…

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Hapalemur alaotrensis

CONSERVATION STATUS: CRITICALLY ENDANGERED

The Lac Alaotra gentle lemur, also known as the Alaotra reed lemur, Alaotran gentle lemur, Lac Alaotra bamboo lemur, or locally as the bandro, is, like all lemurs, endemic to the island of Madagascar. Lac Alaotra gentle lemurs have a very limited range of about 49,000 acres (20,000 ha), found only in the papyrus and reed…

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GREATER BAMBOO LEMURS

Genus: Prolemur

Prolemur simus

CONSERVATION STATUS: CRITICALLY ENDANGERED

The greater bamboo lemurs, also known as broad-nosed bamboo lemurs or broad-nosed gentle lemurs, are endemic to Madagascar. This large island, located approximately 250 miles (400 km) off the coast of East Africa, is an important biodiversity hotspot. It is home to numerous animal and plant species that do…

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BROWN LEMURS

Genus: Eulemur

Eulemur macaco

CONSERVATION STATUS: ENDANGERED

Black lemurs are found in northwestern Madagascar, near the Mahavavy River in the north and the Andranomalaza River in the southern part of the region. There are other populations on the islands of Nosy Be and Nosy Komba, and in the coastal forests northeast of Ambanja. Their main habitats are wet evergreen, dry…

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Eulemur macaco

CONSERVATION STATUS: CRITICALLY ENDANGERED

Blue-eyed black lemurs are found in the northwestern region of Madagascar. They have one of the smallest geographical ranges, limited to the southern part of the Sambirano region. This area is known for having habitats with rainforest and dry deciduous forest-type trees. So these lemurs have adapted to different types of…

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Eulemur collaris

CONSERVATION STATUS: ENDANGERED

The collared brown lemur, also called the red-collared lemur, is native to the humid forests of the high plateaus in southeastern Madagascar. Their range is bound by the Mananara River to the north, which separates it from the range of the gray-headed lemur (E. cinereiceps), except for a few isolated populations that overlap…

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Eulemur fulvus

CONSERVATION STATUS: VULNERABLE

Like all lemurs, brown lemurs are endemic to Madagascar—a country approximately 250 miles (400 km) off the coast of East Africa, and the fourth largest island in the world (it is almost twice the size of Arizona). Because the island has been detached from Africa for 180 million years and is isolated from any other continent, most of…

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Eulemur coronatus

CONSERVATION STATUS: ENDANGERED

The crowned lemur is endemic to Madagascar. They are found nowhere else in the world. In fact, all lemurs are endemic to Madagascar—you will never find one living naturally anywhere else. Crowned lemurs live on the northernmost tip of Madagascar, called Cap d’Ambre, and occur as far south as the Mahavavy River….

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Eulemur mongoz

CONSERVATION STATUS: CRITICALLY ENDANGERED

The mongoose lemur is endemic to the northwestern forests of the island of Madagascar. Much of their habitat consists of dry deciduous forests, fragmented forests, and scrublands. They can also thrive in northwestern Madagascar’s secondary forests. Most plants and animals found in Madagascar are unique to…

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Eulemur rubriventer

CONSERVATION STATUS: VULNERABLE

The red-bellied lemur is a species of Eulemur endemic to Madagascar. This primate inhabits a long, narrow strip of intact primary and secondary rainforest along the island’s eastern coast. While the red-bellied lemur’s distribution is not well-documented, populations are found at high altitudes in Tsaratanana Massif at…

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Eulemur rufifrons

CONSERVATION STATUS: VULNERABLE

The red-fronted brown lemur, sometimes called simply the red-fronted lemur, is found in dry, tropical forests in western Madagascar and moist lowland and montane forest in eastern Madagascar. In western Madagascar, it is found between the Tsiribihina River in the north and the Fiherenana River in the south…

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Photo credit: © Julian Mr.Lemur/iNaturalist/Creative Commons

Eulemur cinereiceps

CONSERVATION STATUS: VULNERABLE

The white-collared lemur, also called the white-collared brown lemur or the gray-headed lemur, is endemic to a thin strip of tropical lowland and montane forest in southeastern Madagascar, from the Manampatrana River south to the Mananara River. They have one of the most restricted ranges of all the true lemurs, and only about 270 square mi (700 square km) of habitat remains. Madagascar’s forest is…

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Eulemur albifrons

CONSERVATION STATUS: VULNERABLE

The white-fronted lemur, whose aliases include white-fronted brown lemur, white-headed lemur, and white-headed brown lemur, is native to the large island country of Madagascar—the only place in the world where these primates exist in the wild. Located in the Indian Ocean approximately 250 mi (400 km) off the coast of East…

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RING TAILED LEMUR

Genus: Lemur

Lemur catta

CONSERVATION STATUS: ENDANGERED

The ring-tailed lemur is endemic to the island country of Madagascar, the only place wild ring-tailed lemurs can be found. Their territory lies in the southern region. They are highly adaptable to different ecosystems, particularly the area’s spiny forests, gallery forests, and dry deciduous forests. That being said, ring-tailed lemurs tend…

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RUFFED LEMURS

Genus: Varecia

Varecia variegata

CONSERVATION STATUS: CRITICALLY ENDANGERED

The black-and-white ruffed lemur is endemic to the island of Madagascar. It is sparsely distributed throughout the declining eastern tropical rainforests, from the Antainambalana River to the Mananara River. The black-and-white ruffed lemur lives in ten protected areas, but their population size is still declining. In the past…

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Varecia rubra

CONSERVATION STATUS: CRITICALLY ENDANGERED

Red ruffed lemurs are endemic, or native, to the island of Madagascar, located off of Africa’s southeast coast. These wild populations are found nowhere else in the world. With an extremely restricted range, red ruffed lemurs occupy only a small section of their large island. The deciduous tropical rainforests of the Masoala…

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