BECOME A PRIMATE PRO... SORT OF

 INSPIRED BY traditional FLASHCARDS, THE facts found in these DIGITAL “flashcards” 

will have you SOUNDing LIKE A REAL PRIMATE PRO in no time!

be sure to scroll down on this page for general primate facts to round out your knowledge.

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Scroll down for more!

Great Things to know to be a primate pro

WHY DO SPECIES HAVE BOTH COMMON AND SCIENTIFIC NAMES?

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Common names are not officially defined. They are based on everyday conversational language and may differ by country, region, profession, community, or other factors. As a result, it is not unusual for a species to have multiple common names.

Scientific names, on the other hand, are standardized and constant. They are Latinized and rule-bound by a formal naming system called binominal nomenclature. Scientific names prevent misidentification. They typically only change if a species is officially redesignated.

WHAT'S THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN MONKEYS, APES, AND PROSIMIANS?

The biological order “Primates” is divided into these classifications:

  • Great Apes: bonobos, chimpanzees, gorillas, humans, and orangutans
  • Small Apes: gibbons 
  • Monkeys: baboons, capuchins, colobus, drills, geladas, guenons, howlers, kipunjis, langurs, macaques, mandrills, mangabeys, marmosets, night monkeys, patas monkeys, proboscis monkeys, sakis, snub-nosed monkeys, spider monkeys, squirrel monkeys, tamarins, titis, uakaris, and woolly monkeys
  • Prosimians: the oldest, most “primitive” order of primates, includes galagos (bushbabies), lemurs, lorises, pottos, and tarsiers 
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WHAT ARE NEW WORLD vs. OLD WORLD MONKEYS?

New World monkeys are native to Central and South America.

Old World monkeys are native to Africa and Asia.

WHAT ARE THE CONSERVATION STATUSES AND WHAT DO THEY MEAN?

Conservation Statuses are “codes” that tell us about the health of species and their habitats based upon the many threats that they face. They are glimpses into the stability of the Earth’s rich biodiversity.

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  • Extinct (EX) – No known individuals remaining.
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW) – Known only to survive in captivity.
  • Critically Endangered (CR) – Extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.
  • Endangered (EN) – High risk of extinction in the wild.
  • Vulnerable (VU) – High risk of endangerment in the wild.
  • Near Threatened (NT) – Likely to become endangered in the near future.
  • Least Concern (LC) – Widespread and abundant.
  • Data Deficient (DD) – Not enough data to assess the species’ risk of extinction.
  • Not Evaluated (NE) – Has not yet been evaluated.
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To learn more about ​Conservation Statuses visit
THE ALPHABET SOUP OF CONSERVATION

WHAT ARE THE LEVELS OF A RAINFOREST ?

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​To learn more about the the levels of the rainforest visit
LIFE IN THE WORLD’S TROPICAL RAINFORESTS

WHERE IN THE WORLD DO NONHUMAN PRIMATES LIVE?

The map below illustrates

THE WORLDWIDE DISTRIBUTION OF NONHUMAN PRIMATES

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 Copyright © New England Primate Conservancy 2019. You may freely use and share these learning activities for educational purposes. 
For questions or comments, e-mail us at [email protected].