MONKEY OF ASIA

AT-A-GLANCE

Asian monkeys include leaf monkeys, macaques, proboscis monkeys, and snub-nosed monkeys.

The tails of Old World monkeys are never prehensile. Their thumbs are opposable. Their nostrils are close together and tend to point downward.  They have 32 teeth. Many have cheek-pouches to hold food. Many have thick pads on their buttocks for comfort when sitting on hard surfaces.

Old world monkeys are more closely related to apes, and therefore to humans, than they are to New World monkeys. 

banded-surili-feb-2021_orig
booted-macaque_orig
cat-ba-langur-jul-2020_orig
delacour-s-langur-jan-2021_orig
dusky-langur-jul-2020_orig
gray-shanked-douc-langur-dec-2020_orig
red-shanked-douc-langur-jul-2020_orig
black-footed-gray-langur-jul-2020_orig
nepal-gray-langur_orig
northern-plains-gray-langur_12_orig
tarai-gray-langur_orig
tufted-gray-langur_16_orig
francois-langur-may-2021_orig
gee-s-golden-langur-dec-2020_orig
hatinh-langur_orig
indochinese-silvered-langur_orig
mitred-leaf-monkey-jan-2021_orig
nilgiri-langur-jun-2020_orig
white-thighed-surili_orig
pig-tailed-snub-nosed-langur-nov-2020_orig
phayre-s-leaf-monkey-jul2019_36_orig
silvery-lutung-jul2019_32_orig
spangled-ebony-langur_orig
west-javan-ebony-langur-mar-2021_orig
thomas-s-leaf-monkey-sep-2020_orig
assam-macaque-update-aug-2020_orig
bonnet-macaque-jul-2020_orig
booted-macaque_orig
formosan-rock-macaque-dec-2020_orig
gorontalo-macaque_orig
heck-s-macaque_orig
northern-pig-tailed-macaque_orig
stump-tailed-macaque-nov-2020_orig
tibetan-macaque-dec-2020_orig
tonkean-macaque-jan-2021_orig
white-cheeked-macaque_orig
proboscis-monkey-oct-2020_orig
golden-snub-nosed-monkey-oct-2020_orig
gray-snub-nosed-monkey_orig
myanmar-snub-nosed-monkey-nov-2020_orig
tonkin-snub-nosed-monkey-jun-2019-update_48_orig
yunnan-snub-nosed-monkey-feb-2021_orig
banded-surili-feb-2021_orig
capped-langur-dec-2020_orig
cat-ba-langur-jul-2020_orig
delacour-s-langur-jan-2021_orig
dusky-langur-jul-2020_orig
Black-shanked douc langur-May 2022
gray-shanked-douc-langur-dec-2020_orig
red-shanked-douc-langur-jul-2020_orig
black-footed-gray-langur-jul-2020_orig
Kashmir Gray Langur-update Aug 2020
nepal-gray-langur_orig
northern-plains-gray-langur_12_orig
tarai-gray-langur_orig
tufted-gray-langur_16_orig
francois-langur-may-2021_orig
gee-s-golden-langur-dec-2020_orig
hatinh-langur_orig
indochinese-silvered-langur_orig
Javan Surili
mitred-leaf-monkey-jan-2021_orig
Maroon Leaf Monkey-Jul 2020
Natuna Island Surili
nilgiri-langur-jun-2020_orig
White-Thighed Surili
pig-tailed-snub-nosed-langur-nov-2020_orig
phayre-s-leaf-monkey-jul2019_36_orig
silvery-lutung-jul2019_32_orig
Purple-Faced Langur
Western Purple-Faced Langur-Jan 2021
spangled-ebony-langur_orig
west-javan-ebony-langur-mar-2021_orig
thomas-s-leaf-monkey-sep-2020_orig
White-Headed Black Langur-updated Aug 2021
Arunachal Macaque-Mar 2022
assam-macaque-update-aug-2020_orig
bonnet-macaque-jul-2020_orig
booted-macaque_orig
Crested Black Macaque-Feb 2022
formosan-rock-macaque-dec-2020_orig
gorontalo-macaque_orig
heck-s-macaque_orig
Japanese Macaque-Nov 2020
Lion-tailed macaque-Jul 2020
Common Long-Tailed Macaque
Moor Macaque
northern-pig-tailed-macaque_orig
Rhesus Macaque-Dec 2020
stump-tailed-macaque-nov-2020_orig
tibetan-macaque-dec-2020_orig
tonkean-macaque-jan-2021_orig
Toque Macaque-Dec 2021
white-cheeked-macaque_orig
proboscis-monkey-oct-2020_orig
golden-snub-nosed-monkey-oct-2020_orig
gray-snub-nosed-monkey_orig
myanmar-snub-nosed-monkey-nov-2020_orig
tonkin-snub-nosed-monkey-jun-2019-update_48_orig
yunnan-snub-nosed-monkey-feb-2021_orig
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banded-surili-feb-2021_orig
capped-langur-dec-2020_orig
cat-ba-langur-jul-2020_orig
delacour-s-langur-jan-2021_orig
dusky-langur-jul-2020_orig
Black-shanked douc langur-May 2022
gray-shanked-douc-langur-dec-2020_orig
red-shanked-douc-langur-jul-2020_orig
black-footed-gray-langur-jul-2020_orig
Kashmir Gray Langur-update Aug 2020
nepal-gray-langur_orig
northern-plains-gray-langur_12_orig
tarai-gray-langur_orig
tufted-gray-langur_16_orig
francois-langur-may-2021_orig
gee-s-golden-langur-dec-2020_orig
hatinh-langur_orig
indochinese-silvered-langur_orig
Javan Surili
mitred-leaf-monkey-jan-2021_orig
Maroon Leaf Monkey-Jul 2020
Natuna Island Surili
nilgiri-langur-jun-2020_orig
White-Thighed Surili
pig-tailed-snub-nosed-langur-nov-2020_orig
phayre-s-leaf-monkey-jul2019_36_orig
silvery-lutung-jul2019_32_orig
Purple-Faced Langur
Western Purple-Faced Langur-Jan 2021
spangled-ebony-langur_orig
west-javan-ebony-langur-mar-2021_orig
thomas-s-leaf-monkey-sep-2020_orig
White-Headed Black Langur-updated Aug 2021
Arunachal Macaque-Mar 2022
assam-macaque-update-aug-2020_orig
bonnet-macaque-jul-2020_orig
booted-macaque_orig
Crested Black Macaque-Feb 2022
formosan-rock-macaque-dec-2020_orig
gorontalo-macaque_orig
heck-s-macaque_orig
Japanese Macaque-Nov 2020
Lion-tailed macaque-Jul 2020
Common Long-Tailed Macaque
Moor Macaque
northern-pig-tailed-macaque_orig
Rhesus Macaque-Dec 2020
stump-tailed-macaque-nov-2020_orig
tibetan-macaque-dec-2020_orig
tonkean-macaque-jan-2021_orig
Toque Macaque-Dec 2021
white-cheeked-macaque_orig
proboscis-monkey-oct-2020_orig
golden-snub-nosed-monkey-oct-2020_orig
gray-snub-nosed-monkey_orig
myanmar-snub-nosed-monkey-nov-2020_orig
tonkin-snub-nosed-monkey-jun-2019-update_48_orig
yunnan-snub-nosed-monkey-feb-2021_orig
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While viewing the slideshow, click on any photo for the full species profile

ABOUT ASIAN PRIMATES

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Asia’s primates are found primarily in southern Asia, with a few species living as far north as Japan and northern China. Most Asian nonhuman primates live in tropical habitats. Some monkeys live in human settlements, including cities. Some live in the remote chilly mountains of China and Japan.

Among Asia’s nonhuman primate species, some live solely in trees, some primarily in trees, some along river and mangrove banks, and some live on the ground. Most are active in daytime, but some are nocturnal. 

Living at varying heights, whether in trees or on the ground, and dispersing activities between day and nighttime, more evenly distributes access to resources and reduces competition. This is one of the ways that nature ensures that everyone has access to all of the gifts of the Earth.

Worldwide geographic distribution of nonhuman primates

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