YOU'RE THE SCIENTIST!
YOUR EVOLUTIONARY FAMILY TREE
STEP 5 SCIENTIST'S NOTES
To complete your Lab Notebook, follow the instructions in each of the steps of the Scientific Method.
Here are some tips for compiling your data in Step 5.
- You are the Researcher. Enter your name.
- For each species in your Lab Experiment:
- Select a prosimian of your choice from the list in Step 5: Test with an Experiment
- Select a New World monkey of your choice from the list in Step 5
- Select an Old World monkey of your choice from the list in Step 5
- Select a nonhuman ape of your choice from the list in Step 5
- The 5th and final species is the human
- Geographic location is more than the continent or the country in which your primate species is endemic. Be more specific. There are very diverse regions within countries, from deserts to beaches to tropical jungles to cold cliffs and mountains to urban areas. Your primate could live in any of those environments. Our lesson on Where Primates Live will give you an idea of the worldwide distribution of nonhuman primate, but you should be even more specific.
- For example, in the United States—where there are NO native nonhuman primates—the types of animals that are endemic to Massachusetts are different than the types of animals that are endemic to Arizona. Why do you think that is? It’s the same in countries or regions around the world as well.
- You might want to include the kind of habitat the primate lives in. It could be a cloud forest, a mangrove forest, or many more. Our lesson on Primates and Their Habitats will tell you more about the sorts of habitats primates might live in. The geographic location, above, might dictate the habitat in which primates live. But what about where they live within a forest? At what vertical level of the forest do they spend most of their time? Life in the World’s Tropical Rainforests will give you some insights into how animals live throughout the levels of a rainforest and why.
- For example, monkeys in southern India might live in forests or they might live in cities. Be specific: they may live at the forest floor or in its canopy.
- Physical Characteristics determine how a species lives. Do they live on the ground? In trees? If they are nocturnal, do they have large eyes and ears? If they travel by swinging through the forest canopy, do they have thumbs? If not, why not? And, as mentioned in diet, do they have internal physical adaptations to search for and process the foods that are available to them?
- Behavior speaks to how they are adapted to living in their environment. Do they live solitary lives? Do they live in groups? How large are those groups? And why? Who lead the group? How do they navigate within and throughout their environment?
- Diet is important and may be dictated by the region and climate. It also reflects important adaptations within species. Some may be strict vegetarians. Some may be strict carnivores. Some primates have physiological adaptations, like multiple stomach chambers and the ability to digest toxic leaves. These adaptations are very important to their symbiotic relationships within their environment—how they nurture their environment and how their environment nurtures them.
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